Doing justice to the complete nature of yoga, therefore, requires a more well-rounded definition: "A comprehensive system of human culture, physical, moral, and [psychological], and acting as a doorway on to the gently sloping paths that gradually lead up to yoga proper," that is, the spirituality of yoga founded in Hinduism.
Its aim is to control the body and the various forms of vital energy, with a view of overcoming physical impediments standing in the way of other, spiritual, forms of Yoga. Its object is to ensure a perfect balance between the organic functions.
Its ultimate goal and true end is to prepare man for the acquisition of that repose of spirit necessary for the realization of the "Supreme", or for "experiencing the Divine. Such a simplification is unwarranted and dangerous.https://ustanovka-kondicionera-deshevo.ru/libraries/2020-04-17/1063.php
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As we will see , reducing yoga to a mere beautifying technique frequently creates ugly effects. Women compose Pooruck Pranaiyam [Puraka pranayama]. Kumbuck [Kumbhaka]. What is Yoga? Practitioners typically begin Yoga for physical reasons but stick with it for spiritual reasons. We concluded with a basic definition of Yoga: Yoga is both a comprehensive system of human culture-physical, moral, and psychological-and it acts as a doorway on to the gently sloping paths that gradually lead up to Yoga proper, that is, the spirituality of Yoga rooted in Hinduism.
In this post we will take a look at the Hindu foundations of Yoga in light of the gods found therein. John tells us that we should not believe every spirit, but test them to see if they are from God cf 1 John It's going to be an enlightening experience, so set your intention and come join us as we explore Yoga from a Catholic perspective. The practice of pumping iron or toning my body with a machine has never excited me: it seemed meaningless at best and slightly narcissistic at worst.
This is one of the reasons why Yoga appealed to me. It seemed to be exercise with a real meaning. What I didn't expect was what that meaning actually is. The word "yoga" comes from the Sanskrit yuj, which indicates "to yoke together," "union," "to join, to bind.
Because Yoga indicates binding, we must ask: what does Yoga bind us to? My jaw almost hit the floor when I found the answer. To learn about Yoga, at first I avoided classes and went to a local bookstore. I wasn't ready to squeeze into Yoga pants. The first paperback I purchased, chosen almost at random, was full of helpful photos of postures along with explanations and commentary.
It explained what Yoga "yokes" or "binds" us to: Hindu divinity or divinities. Frightening for me as a Christian and as a male. It also invited me to consider Ganesh, the "loveable" elephant-headed god, along with his friends who populate India's pantheon.
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That sounds pagan, I thought. So I set the book aside and looked elsewhere. To my dismay, I discovered in a local Yoga studio something that confirmed the book's approach: a little bronze statue of a Hindu god, presiding over the people within. It was too much even for this California boy. Was my experience typical? Clearly not every book on yoga promotes Hindu gods, and not every Yoga class has pagan statuary. But many do.
The classical Yoga tradition argues that all Yoga should associate with the gods of India. In order to understand why this is the case, we must uncover the Hindu roots of Yoga. For Westerners who like everything, including religion, neat and tidy, boxed up and labeled, sitting on a shelf ready for inspection from a discerning customer, Hinduism poses difficulties. Yoga is one of them.
In a real sense, this can also apply to Yoga. Shiva has prominence among the gods of Yoga. He is the "patron" of all Yoga practitioners: "He is the deity of yogins par excellence and is often depicted as a yogin. His drumbeat is said to create the OM which reverberates in the heart and throughout the universe. In some depictions Shiva assumes the lotus posture in deep meditation.
In other cases Shiva juggles fire while he dances with one foot in the air, indicating release from "earthly bondage. While of course many hindu deities are associated with different paths of yoga and meditation, in Shiva the art of meditation takes its most absolute form. In meditation, not only mind is stopped, everything is dropped. Vishnu is an other important god for Yoga; he is said to preserve and maintain the cosmic order dharma.
Like Shiva, he is depicted with blue skin and four arms and is accompanied by serpents. It is said that Vishnu was incarnate nine times, the last two being the most significant: as Krishna and Buddha. Here I will focus on Krishna. The Bhagavad-Gita, part of an ancient Hindu religious epic, portrays Krishna as the perfect Yoga guru to his disciple, the human hero Arjuna.
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Chapter 6 of the Gita contains material that would be familiar to many modern Yoga practitioners. Krishna defines Yoga negatively as "renunciation" of illusion and positively as "yoking oneself to the Supreme Consciousness" For him, a yogin is one "established in self-realization" Through elevating himself through his own mind , a Yoga practitioner attains the abode of Krishna, perfect happiness, "by cessation of material existence" The means to acquire this is by practicing control of the body, mind, and activity with specific postures and meditation techniques The Yoga goddesses should not be neglected in our account.
Here we can turn to the chief goddess, Shakti or Durga , known under different aspects. Shakti is seen as the divine force that destroys evil and restores balance: she "represents the cosmic energy of destruction of the ego, which stands in the way of spiritual growth and ultimate liberation. The most fearsome role Shakti plays is as Kali , the "Dark Mother" goddess, who, standing naked, wears a garland of skulls around her neck and a belt of heads around her waist, wielding a bloody sword and clutching a severed head. It is not uncommon for Yoga teachers to recommend tapping into this feminine-divine source of empowerment.
Then the image disappeared-though the sweet, strong energy stayed with Ellen for hours. Sally replied: "Just sit in meditation and ask the Durga energy to be with you. Then notice how you feel. Is Sally right? What are we to make of the pantheon of Yoga gods?
It seems to me that there are four basic positions: 1. The gods and goddesses do not actually exist. They are only metaphors, imaginative fables meant to inspire the Yoga practitioner. Some people may believe this, but I think it is insufficient and reductive; it does not adequately explain the cultural and experiential data available.
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They do exist and are benevolent: they may be invoked in order to obtain energy, power, good fortune, etc. This is the position of a number of simple Hindu believers. Throngs of spectators crowded into the gyms to cheer the players on. He borrowed a tennis net, raised it 6 feet, 6 inches above the floor, and invented the game of "mintonette", which could be played by a group of any number and involved volleying a large ball over the net. An observer wisely suggested that a better name for the new sport might be "volleyball".
This originally genteel sport bears little resemblance to the lively co-ed games now played at the Auburn Y. Racquetball is another Y-invented sport. Joseph Sobek, a tennis, handball and squash player who worked in a rubber manufacturing factory, was dissatisfied with the options for indoor sports in Greenwich, Conn. He could not find squash players of his caliber and he did not care particularly for handball, so in he designed a short, stringed racquet, used a children's toy rubber ball, and created rules for a new game using the handball courts.
He called his new sport "paddle rackets".
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The sport really took off in the s and there are an estimated 15 million players worldwide today, including the loyal members of the Auburn Monday night league, which has been going strong since the s and has included YMCA racquetball legends Sonny Monroe, Terry Dautrich, Lefty Glauberman, Jack Cavanaugh and many more. It perhaps most famously published some of Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn 's books whilst he was imprisoned by the Russian government.
Many YMCAs throughout the world still maintain residences as an integral part of the programming. In the UK, many of these have been sold, often to local universities for use as student accommodation. YMCAs in the UK are still known predominantly as organizations that provide accommodation for vulnerable and homeless young people.
Across the UK the YMCA provides over 8, bed spaces, and is thus one of the largest providers of safe supported accommodation for young people. The vast majority of this accommodation is supported by a range of personal, social and educational services. The local entities "engage" about 21 million men, women and children, and seek to "nurture the potential of children and teens, improve the nation's health and well-being and provide opportunities to give back and support neighbors.
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The goal of the YMCA is to "strengthen communities through youth development, healthy living and social responsibility. The Y's major programs include after-school programs , day care programs, and physical fitness. Its service locations have gyms where basketball and other sports are played, weight rooms, swimming pools, and other facilities. It is important to the Y that all persons—"regardless of age, income or background"—can participate in Y programs.